Dracula is an Gothic horror novel by Irish author Bram Stoker. It introduced the character of Count Dracula, and established many conventions of. Count Dracula is the title character of Bram Stoker's gothic horror novel Dracula. Also included are a discussion of Stoker's working notes for the novel and " Dracula's There, one Count Dracula awaits Harker and proves to be an odd, yet.
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The Secret Life Of Laszlo, Count Dracula book. Read 62 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. In his mesmerizing fictional debut, psychi. Dracula: Dracula, novel by Bram Stoker, derived from vampire legends and published in It follows the vampire Count Dracula from his castle in Transylvania to. Download free eBooks of classic literature, books and novels at Planet . Count Dracula had directed me to go to the Golden. Krone Hotel.
In a career retrospective compiled by Entertainment Weekly , Reeves was described as having been "out of his depth" and "frequently blasted off the screen by Gary Oldman". He mentioned it in a list of the "50 Performances That Ruined Movies", and wrote: The result? A performance that looks like the young actor's perpetually constipated. Painful for all parties.
The two Oscar nominees ran circles around the poor Canuck , exposing his lack of range, shoddy accent and abysmal instincts for all to see. Reeves's attempt at London vernacular has been cited as one of the worst accents, if not the worst, in the history of recorded film. Overly posh and entirely ridiculous, Reeves's performance is as painful as it is hilarious. In , the film was released on VHS and Laserdisc. The VHS release was a special box set in the shape of a coffin. It contained the film on VHS, which included a behind-the-scenes documentary , and the original Dracula novel by Bram Stoker in paperback.
Grey, gothic statue heads as seen on the original film poster adorned the front cover of the book against a grey stone background. The superbit version did not contain any extra features. Special features include an introduction and audio commentary by director Francis Ford Coppola, deleted and extended scenes , teaser and full-length trailers , and the documentaries "The Blood Is the Life: Visualizing Dracula ".
In , a Blu-ray  remastered in 4K was released. A novelization of the film was published, written by Fred Saberhagen. A four-issue comic book adaptation and collectible cards based on the movie were released by the Topps company with art provided by Mike Mignola and a full script provided by Roy Thomas , using dialogue derived almost entirely from the film's script. Various action figures and model sets were also produced.
In addition to these items, accurate licensed replicas of Dracula's sword and Quincey's bowie knife were available from Factory X. Other merchandising for the film included a board game,  a pinball game  that was re-released as downloadable content for The Pinball Arcade , and video game adaptations for various platforms.
The film had a considerable impact on popular culture and vampire representation in media. Costume design by Eiko Ishioka created a new image for the Count and for the first time freed him from the black cape and evening wear the character had become associated with since Bela Lugosi's portrayal in The movie is seen as a game changer, which established a tone and style that redefined cinematic vampires.
It created a host of new vampire film tropes, like retractable fangs, vampires turning into literal bat-men, and a steampunk aesthetic. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the television film of the same name, see Bram Stoker's Dracula film. For the video game based on this film, see Bram Stoker's Dracula video game. For the original novel by Bram Stoker, see Dracula. Theatrical release poster. Nicholas C. Smith Glen Scantlebury Anne Goursaud. American Zoetrope Osiris Films.
Grant as Dr. Wojciech Kilar. Horror fiction portal Film portal Horror portal s portal. Coming Soon From Coppola: More Hearts of Darkness". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on Retrieved A Shtick Through the Heart: Francis Ford Coppola's sympathetic Count Dracula is a radical departure from previous versions. It's enough to scare horror-film traditionalists". Rovi Corporation.
Archived from the original on February 22, Retrieved December 26, Fangoria Starlog Group, Inc. Vanity Fair. Interview Magazine.
In Camera: New Straits Times. Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on May 9, Retrieved April 8, Retrieved on Archived at the Wayback Machine. TIME Radio Times. Archived from the original on 23 February Retrieved 19 February Letting the Blood Flow". Retrieved May 25, Entertainment Weekly. Total Film. Archived from the original on October 29, Woman's Day.
Chicago Tribune. BBC News. The Daily Telegraph Sydney. Top 10 worst movie accents". Virgin Media. It is Walpurgis Night and the young Englishman foolishly leaves his hotel, in spite of the coachman's warnings, and wanders through a dense forest alone. Along the way, he feels that he is being watched by a tall and thin stranger.
The short story climaxes in an old graveyard, where the Englishman encounters a sleeping female vampire called Countess Dolingen in a marble tomb with a large iron stake driven into it. This malevolent and beautiful vampire awakens from her marble bier to conjure a snowstorm before being struck by lightning and returning to her eternal prison. However, the Englishman's troubles are not quite over, as he is dragged away by an unseen force and rendered unconscious.
He awakens to find a "gigantic" wolf lying on his chest and licking at his throat; however, the wolf merely keeps him warm and protects him until help arrives. When the Englishman is finally taken back to his hotel, a telegram awaits him from his expectant host Dracula, with a warning about "dangers from snow and wolves and night". In Dracula , the eponymous vampire begins a long-contemplated plan for world domination, and infiltrates London to begin his reign of terror. He summons Jonathan Harker , a newly qualified English solicitor, to provide legal support for a real estate transaction overseen by Harker's employer.
Dracula at first charms Harker with his cordiality and historical knowledge, and even rescues him from the clutches of the three female vampires in the castle.
In truth, however, Dracula merely wishes to keep Harker alive long enough to complete the legal transaction and to learn as much as possible about England. Dracula leaves his castle and boards a Russian ship, the Demeter , taking along with him 50 boxes of Transylvanian soil, which he needs in order to regain his strength and rest during daylight.
During the voyage to Whitby , a coastal town in northern England, he sustains himself on the ship's crew members. Only one body is later found, that of the captain, who is found tied up to the ship's helm. The captain's log is recovered and tells of strange events that had taken place during the ship's journey. Dracula leaves the ship in the form of a dog. There is also a notable link between Dracula and Renfield , a patient in an insane asylum overseen by John Seward , who is compelled to consume spiders , birds, and other creatures—in ascending order of size—in order to absorb their "life force".
Renfield acts as a kind of sensor, reacting to Dracula's proximity and supplying clues accordingly. Dracula visits Lucy's bed chamber on a nightly basis, draining her of blood while simultaneously infecting her with the curse of vampirism. Van Helsing soon deduces her condition's supernatural origins, and tries to keep the vampire at bay with garlic. Nevertheless, Dracula attacks Lucy's house one final time, killing her mother and transforming Lucy herself into one of the undead. Harker escapes Dracula's castle and returns to England, barely alive and deeply traumatized.
She reads his journal and passes it along to Van Helsing. This unfolds the first clue to the identity of Lucy's assailant, which later prompts Mina to collect all of the events of Dracula's appearance in news articles, saved letters, newspaper clippings and the journals of each member of the group.
This assists the group in investigating Dracula's movements and later discovering that Renfield's behaviour is directly influenced by Dracula. They then discover that Dracula has downloadd a residence next door to Seward's. The group gathers intelligence to track down Dracula and destroy him. After the undead Lucy attacks several children, Van Helsing, Seward, Holmwood and Morris enter her crypt and destroy her to save her soul.
Later, Harker joins them and the party work to discover Dracula's intentions. Harker aids the party in tracking down the locations of the boxes to the various residences of Dracula and discovers that Dracula downloadd multiple real estate properties throughout London  under the alias 'Count De Ville'.
The party pries open each of the graves, places sacramental wafers within each of them, and seals them shut. This deprives Dracula of his ability to seek safety in those boxes. As he attempts to enter the room in which Harker and Mina are staying, Renfield tries to stop him; Dracula then mortally wounds him. Van Helsing and Seward discover Dracula biting Mina and forcing her to drink his blood. The group repel Dracula using crucifixes and sacramental bread, forcing him to flee by turning into a dark vapor.
The party continue to hunt Dracula to search for his remaining lairs. The heroes follow Dracula back to Transylvania, and in a climactic battle with Dracula's Romani bodyguards, finally destroy him.
Despite the popular image of Dracula having a stake driven through his heart to kill him, Mina's narrative describes his decapitation by Harker's kukri while Morris simultaneously pierces his heart with a Bowie knife Mina Harker's Journal, 6 November, Dracula Chapter His body then turns into dust, but not before Mina sees an expression of peace on his face. Although early in the novel Dracula dons a mask of cordiality, he often flies into fits of rage when his plans are frustrated.
When Dracula's brides attempt to seduce Jonathan Harker, Dracula physically assaults one and ferociously berates them for their insubordination. He has an appreciation for ancient architecture, and when downloading a home he prefers them to be aged, saying "A new home would kill me", and that to make a new home habitable to him would take a century.
He also expresses an interest in the history of the British Empire , speaking admiringly of its people. He has a somewhat primal and predatory worldview; he pities ordinary humans for their revulsion to their darker impulses. He is not without human emotions, however; he often says that he too can love. Though usually portrayed as having a strong Eastern European accent, the original novel only specifies that his spoken English is excellent, though strangely toned.
His appearance varies in age. He is described early in the novel as thin, with a long white mustache, pointed ears and sharp teeth. He is dressed all in black and has hair on his palms. Harker describes him as an old man, "cruel looking" and giving an effect of "extraordinary pallor". I saw Count Dracula As the novel progresses, Dracula is described as taking on a more and more youthful appearance.
After Harker strikes him with a shovel, he is left with a scar on his forehead which he bears throughout the course of the novel.
Dracula also possesses great wealth, and has Gypsies in his homeland who are loyal to him as servants and protectors. Count Dracula is portrayed in the novel using many different supernatural abilities, and is believed to have gained his abilities through dealings with the Devil. Chapter 18 of the novel describes many of the abilities, limitations and weaknesses of vampires and Dracula in particular. Dracula has superhuman strength which, according to Van Helsing, is equivalent to that of 20 strong men.
He does not cast a shadow or have a reflection from mirrors. He is immune to conventional means of attack; a sailor tries to stab him in the back with a knife, but the blade goes through his body as though it is air.
He can travel onto "unhallowed" ground, such as the graves of suicides and those of his victims. He has powerful hypnotic , telepathic and illusionary abilities. He also has the ability to "within limitations" vanish and reappear elsewhere at will. If he knows the path, he can come out from anything or into anything regardless of how close it is bound even if it is fused with fire. He has amassed cunning and wisdom throughout centuries, and he is unable to die by the mere passing of time alone.
He can command animals such as rats, owls, bats, moths, foxes and wolves. However, his control over these animals is limited, as seen when the party first enters his house in London. Although Dracula is able to summon thousands of rats to swarm and attack the group, Holmwood summons his trio of terriers to do battle with the rats.
The dogs prove very efficient rat killers, suggesting they are Manchester terriers trained for that purpose. Terrified by the dogs' onslaught, the rats flee, and any control which Dracula had over them is gone. Dracula can also manipulate the weather and, within his range, is able to direct the elements, such as storms, fog and mist. Dracula can change form at will, able to grow and become small, his featured forms in the novel being that of a bat, a wolf, a large dog and a fog or mist.
When the moonlight is shining, he can travel as elemental dust within its rays. He is able to pass through tiny cracks or crevices while retaining his human form or in the form of a vapour; described by Van Helsing as the ability to slip through a hairbreadth space of a tomb door or coffin. This is also an ability used by his victim Lucy as a vampire.
When the party breaks into her tomb, they dismantle the secured coffin to find it completely empty; her corpse being no longer located within. One of Dracula's most notable powers is the ability to turn others into vampires by biting them.
According to Van Helsing:. When they become such, there comes with the change the curse of immortality; they cannot die, but must go on age after age adding new victims and multiplying the evils of the world.
For all that die from the preying of the Un-dead become themselves Un-dead, and prey on their kind. And so the circle goes on ever widening, like as the ripples from a stone thrown in the water.
Friend Arthur, if you had met that kiss which you know of before poor Lucy die, or again, last night when you open your arms to her, you would in time, when you had died, have become nosferatu, as they call it in Eastern Europe, and would for all time make more of those Un-Deads that so have filled us with horror.
The vampire bite itself does not cause death. It is the method vampires use to drain blood of the victim and to increase their influence over them. This is described by Van Helsing:. The Nosferatu do not die like the bees when they sting once. He is only stronger, and being stronger, have yet more power to work evil. Those children whose blood she suck are not yet so much worse; but if she live on, Un-Dead, more and more lose their blood and by her power over them they come to her. But if she die in truth, then all cease; the tiny wounds of the throats disappear, and they go back to their plays unknowing of whatever has been.
As Dracula slowly drains Lucy's blood, she dies from acute blood loss and later transforms into a vampire, despite the efforts of Seward and Van Helsing to provide her with blood transfusions. He is aided by powers of necromancy and divination of the dead, that all who die by his hand may reanimate and do his bidding.
Dracula requires no other sustenance but fresh human blood, which has the effect of rejuvenating him and allowing him to grow younger. His power is drawn from the blood of others, and he cannot survive without it. Dracula's preferred victims are women. Count Dracula is depicted as the " King Vampire ", and can control other vampires.
To punish Mina and the party for their efforts against him, Dracula bites her on at least three occasions. He also forces her to drink his blood; this act curses her with the effects of vampirism and gives him a telepathic link to her thoughts.
The effects changes Mina' physically and mentally over time. A few moments after Dracula attacks her, Van Helsing takes a wafer of sacramental bread and places it on her forehead to bless her; when the bread touches her skin, it burns her and leaves a scar on her forehead.
Her teeth start growing longer but do not grow sharper. She begins to lose her appetite, feeling repulsed by normal food,  begins to sleep more and more during the day; cannot wake unless at sunset and stops writing in her diary.
When Van Helsing later crumbles the same bread in a circle around her, she is unable to cross or leave the circle, discovering a new form of protection. Dracula's death can release the curse on any living victim of eventual transformation into vampire. However, Van Helsing reveals that were he to successfully escape, his continued existence would ensure that even if he did not victimize Mina further, she would transform into a vampire upon her eventual natural death. Dracula is much less powerful in daylight and is only able to shift his form at dawn, noon, and dusk he can shift his form freely at night or if he is at his grave.
The sun is not fatal to him, as sunlight does not burn and destroy him upon contact, though most of his abilities cease. The sun that rose on our sorrow this morning guards us in its course. Until it sets to-night, that monster must retain whatever form he now has. He is confined within the limitations of his earthly envelope.
He cannot melt into thin air nor disappear through cracks or chinks or crannies. If he go through a doorway, he must open the door like a mortal. His power ceases, as does that all of all evil things, at the coming of the day. Only at certain times can he have limited freedom.
If he be not at the place whither he is bound, he can only change himself at noon or exact sunrise or sunset. He is also limited in his ability to travel, as he can only cross running water at low or high tide. Due to this, he is unable to fly across a river in the form of a bat or mist or even by himself board a boat or step off a boat onto a dock unless he is physically carried over with assistance. He is also unable to enter a place unless invited to do so by someone of the household, even a visitor; once invited, he can enter and leave the premises at will.
Dracula has a bloodlust which he is seemingly unable to control. At the sight of blood he becomes enveloped in a demonic fury which is fueled by the need to feed. Other adaptations call this uncontrollable state 'the thirst'. There are items which afflict him to the point he has no power and can even calm him from his insatiable appetite for blood.
He is repulsed by garlic, as well as sacred items and symbols such as crucifixes , and sacramental bread. I laid down the razor, turning as I did so half round to look for some sticking plaster. When the Count saw my face, his eyes blazed with a sort of demoniac fury, and he suddenly made a grab at my throat. I drew away and his hand touched the string of beads which held the crucifix. It made an instant change in him, for the fury passed so quickly that I could hardly believe that it was ever there.
Placing the branch of a wild rose upon the top of his coffin will render him unable to escape it; a sacred bullet fired into the coffin could kill him so that he remain true-dead. Mountain Ash is also described as a form of protection from a vampire although the effects are unknown. The state of rest to which vampires are prone during the day is described in the novel as a deathlike sleep in which the vampire sleeps open-eyed, is unable to awaken or move, and also may be unaware of any presence of individuals who may be trespassing.
Dracula is portrayed as being active in daylight at least once in order to pursue a victim. Dracula also downloads many properties throughout London 'over the counter' which shows that he does have the ability to have some type of presence in daylight. He requires Transylvanian soil to be nearby to him in a foreign land or to be entombed within his coffin within Transylvania in order to successfully rest; otherwise, he will be unable to recover his strength.
This has forced him to transport many boxes of Transylvanian earth to each of his residences in London. Further, if Dracula or any vampire has had their fill in blood upon feeding, they will be caused to rest in this dead state even longer than usual. He is confined within the limitations of his earthly envelope. He cannot melt into thin air nor disappear through cracks or chinks or crannies. If he go through a doorway, he must open the door like a mortal.
Only at certain times can he have limited freedom. If he be not at the place whither he is bound, he can only change himself at noon or exact sunrise or sunset. Due to this, he is unable to fly across a river in the form of a bat or mist or even by himself board a boat or step off a boat onto a dock unless he is physically carried over with assistance.
He is also unable to enter a place unless invited to do so by someone of the household, even a visitor; once invited, he can enter and leave the premises at will.
At the sight of blood he becomes enveloped in a demonic fury which is fueled by the need to feed. Other adaptations call this uncontrollable state 'the thirst'. Religious symbolism[ edit ] There are items which afflict him to the point he has no power and can even calm him from his insatiable appetite for blood. He is repulsed by garlic, as well as sacred items and symbols such as crucifixes , and sacramental bread.
I laid down the razor, turning as I did so half round to look for some sticking plaster. When the Count saw my face, his eyes blazed with a sort of demoniac fury, and he suddenly made a grab at my throat.
I drew away and his hand touched the string of beads which held the crucifix. It made an instant change in him, for the fury passed so quickly that I could hardly believe that it was ever there. Death-sleep[ edit ] The state of rest to which vampires are prone during the day is described in the novel as a deathlike sleep in which the vampire sleeps open-eyed, is unable to awaken or move, and also may be unaware of any presence of individuals who may be trespassing.
Dracula is portrayed as being active in daylight at least once in order to pursue a victim. Dracula also downloads many properties throughout London 'over the counter' which shows that he does have the ability to have some type of presence in daylight.
He was either dead or asleep.
I could not say which, for eyes were open and stony, but without the glassiness of death, and the cheeks had the warmth of life through all their pallor. The lips were as red as ever. But there was no sign of movement, no pulse, no breath, no beating of the heart. I bent over him, and tried to find any sign of life, but in vain This has forced him to transport many boxes of Transylvanian earth to each of his residences in London.
The Slovaks and Gypsies appear to know his true nature, for they laugh at Harker when he tries to communicate his plight, and betray Harker's attempt to send a letter through them by giving it to the Count.
Dracula seems to be able to hold influence over people with mental disorders, such as Renfield, who is never bitten but who worships Dracula, referring to him over the course of the novel as "Master" and "Lord". Dracula also afflicts Lucy with chronic sleepwalking, putting her into a trance-like state that allows them not only to submit to his will but also seek him and satisfy his need to feed.
Dracula's powers and weaknesses vary greatly in the many adaptations. Previous and subsequent vampires from different legends have had similar vampire characteristics. Character development subsequent to the novel[ edit ] Main article: Dracula in popular culture Christopher Lee starred as Dracula in numerous British horror films produced by Hammer Films.
Shown here is the film Dracula. It was Lee who fixed the image of the fanged vampire in popular culture. Count Dracula appears in Mad Monster Party? This version is shown to be wearing a monocle.
Count Dracula is among the monsters that Baron Boris von Frankenstein invites to the Isle of Evil in order to show off the secret of total destruction and announce his retirement from the Worldwide Organization of Monsters. He and his son are invited by Baron Henry von Frankenstein to attend the wedding of Frankenstein's Monster and its mate at the Transylvania Astoria Hotel.
Dracula is the primary antagonist of the Castlevania video game series and the main protagonist of the Lords of Shadow reboot series. Dracula appears as the lead character of Dracula the Un-dead , a novel by Stoker's great-grand nephew Dacre presented as a sequel to the original. Dracula, going by an inversion of his name, " Alucard ," serves as the main character of the anime and manga series Hellsing and Hellsing Ultimate where he serves Integra Hellsing, Abraham's great-granddaughter, as an anti-vampire warrior devoted to the British Crown.
Dracula is the primary antagonist of the Showtime series Penny Dreadful , portrayed by Christian Camargo. This version of the character is the brother of Lucifer and, thus, a fallen angel. Following the publication of In Search of Dracula by Radu Florescu and Raymond McNally in , this supposed connection attracted much popular attention.
Vlad II Dracul , father of Vlad III, was admitted to the order around because of his bravery in fighting the Turks and was dubbed Dracul dragon or devil thus his son became Dracula son of the dragon. From onward, Vlad II wore the emblem of the order and later, as ruler of Wallachia, his coinage bore the dragon symbol. However, some Dracula scholars, led by Elizabeth Miller , have questioned the depth of this connection as early as They argue that Stoker in fact knew little of the historic Vlad III, Vlad the Impaler , and that he used only the name "Dracula" and some miscellaneous scraps of Romanian history.
This was a Dracula indeed! Woe was it that his own unworthy brother, when he had fallen, sold his people to the Turk and brought the shame of slavery on them! Was it not this Dracula, indeed, who inspired that other of his race who in a later age again and again brought his forces over the great river into Turkey-land; who, when he was beaten back, came again, and again, though he had to come alone from the bloody field where his troops were being slaughtered, since he knew that he alone could ultimately triumph!
Chapter 3, pp.